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Caves

The caves of Kythira are many, small and unique.
Yiannis Petrochilos and his wife Anna, discovered the most of them.

Cave of Agia Sophia of Kalamos

The cave of Agia Sofia of Kalamos is one of the three caves bearing the same name in Kythira, the most important one being in Mylopotamos. The cave has not been explored and mapped. The chapel in the cave’s entrance is dedicated to Saint Sophia, and a great religious festival is hosted here on September 17th. […]

Chousti Cave

“Chousti” is a 35 by 20 meter single room cave, on two levels, without stalactites or stalagmites. Its impressive entrance is leading to steps carved in the rock, and a niche on the right side. At the base of the niche one can see a fossilized seashell that has been placed there from ancient times, […]

The cave of Agia Sophia in Agia Pelagia

The cave is located right outside the village of Agia Pelagia, near the Galani gully. The cave has an area of 120 m² and both stalagmites and stalactites are spectacular.

The cave of Agia Sophia in Mylopotamos

The cave of Agia Sofia of Mylopotamos is one of three caves with the same name in Kythira. The other two are located in Agia Pelagia and Kalamos. The name of the cave is a reference to the worship of Agia Sofia Martyros. According to a different story, the caves with this name were dedicated to […]

The cave of Katafygadi

The cave of Katafygadi (the “haven”) is located near the Mermygaris peak, the highest mountain on Kythera, on the eastern part of the island. Archaeologists found fragments of pottery from the Minoan & Mycenaean times. It is a little-known cave, small and narrow, that serves as a shelter for the area’s wildlife.

Caves in Kythira

An island with rich geomorphology could not have enough caves. The cave experts Yiannis Petrohilos and his wife Anna were the first to explore the caves of Kythira, as well as caves in the Greater Greece, such as Dirou in Mani.

The most beautiful and largest cave of Kythira is that of Agia Sophia Mylopotamos and is located on the west coast of the island. A cave with a great tourist route, stalactites and stalactites, is visited by thousands of visitors each year.

The island still has two caves bearing the same name. These are the cave of Agia Sophia outside the village of Agia Pelagia and the cave of Agia Sophia in Kalamos. A folk tradition tells us that the caves of Mylopotamos and Kalamos were communicating, and that a cat was once enclosed in the cave of Mylopotamos and she, after days, went out to the Kalamos cave!

Cave Housti in Diakofti is one-roomed and has dimensions of about 35 by 20 meters. In the summer of 1998, a multi-year excavation research began, which brought to light important findings such as the Neolithic and Early Helladic shells (5000-2200 BC), Archaic to Roman and post-Byzantine times.

In the cave in Katafygadi (mount Mermigari), ceramic shells from the Minoan and Mycenaean era have been found.

The shores of Kythera also hide many submarine caves, which can be explored with diving equipment. One of the most impressive caves that attracts the interest of the visitors of Kythera is that in Chitra, the rocky island south of Kapsali. You can visit it by boat and dive into its cool waters. The best time is in the afternoon, as the sun setting lights up the bottom and creates a visual feast!

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