Byzantine monuments, castles and fortresses.
The watermills and the windmills. The Bridges and many more
Monuments in Kythira
Kythera has several monuments of all historical periods, from the Minoan times (2000 BC) to the more recent years. Exploring the island you will find many of them, but in some others it will take the help of an experienced local tour guide who will reveal them to you.
One of the most important monuments is Paliokastro, the ancient acropolis of Kythera, seat of targeted excavations. The port of this city was Skandia, in today’s Paliopolis. The area today is characterized as an archaeological site. Close to Paliokastro and Paliopoli, east of Agios Georgios on the mountain, is the Minoan Sanctuary. In the wider area, vaulted tombs have been revealed. Houstos Cave in Diakofti served as a holy site, as well as the rocky island of Little Dragonara, east of Avlemonas.
The medieval monuments in Kythira are also significant. Palaiochora or Agios Dimitrios, as was called the ruined small fortress, was the Byzantine capital of the island during the 12th century. The castle of Kato Chora Mylopotamos and the castle of Chora, today’s capital, dates back to the Venetian times. In Avlemonas, Kastelo, a small fortress that served to control and protect the harbor is well preserved.
During the period of the English occupation of Kythera in the 19th century, the stone bridges in Livadi and Potamos, the lighthouse at Moudari Cape, the schools of Milapidaeas, Potamos, the aqueduct in Kapsali and many other works were saved in excellent condition until today.
Monuments can also be found in the dozens of windmills, as well as the watermills in the ravines of Mylopotamos, Karavas and Mitata. Kythera, thanks to its mild growth, managed to save these precious treasures. The cultural heritage of Kythera is constantly being protected and maintained.
We advise you to wander around the monuments and get to know the history of the island. It’s an excellent experience!
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